About novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV)

Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses. Some cause respiratory illness in people,
ranging from mild common colds to severe illnesses. Others cause illness in animals.
Rarely, animal coronaviruses can infect people, and more rarely, these can then spread
from person to person through close contact. Novel coronaviruses are new strains of
the
virus that have not been previously identified in humans.
Currently, strain of coronavirus (2019-nCoV) does not appear to be as severe as
other coronaviruses, such as SARS. Many patients have reported only mild symptoms.
There is evidence of person-to-person spread.
Risk
The current level of risk for people in Alberta is considered low. Cases are being
reported
in many provinces in China and other parts of the world. Currently, the higher risk
applies to people who develop a fever and/or a cough or shortness of breath AND meet
any of the below criteria:
• With a travel history anywhere in Hubei Province (where Wuhan is located), within
the 14 days prior to their onset of symptoms.
• Had contact with a suspected or confirmed case of 2019-nCoV within 14 days prior
to onset of symptoms;
• Within 14 days prior to onset of symptoms, visited a hospital/healthcare facility
known to have treated confirmed 2019-nCoV cases.
Consult the Travel Health Notice for China before leaving the country if travelling
abroad
Prevention
Although travel-related cases may be identified, the risk for Albertans is still considered

low. Public health measures are in place to quickly identify potential cases and prevent
the
infection from spreading.
There are many common respiratory viruses circulating in Alberta and globally, such as
influenza. This will be the most likely cause of a respiratory infection, unless the ill
person
recently returned from an area where the novel coronavirus is circulating.
To help protect against all respiratory illnesses, including the flu and coronavirus, you
should:
• use good hygiene practices, such as frequent handwashing
• stay at home and away from others if you are feeling ill
• contact your primary health provider or 811 Health Link if you have questions or
concerns about your health
Symptoms
Symptoms for the novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) are like those for influenza or
other respiratory illnesses. They can range from mild to severe and include:
• fever
• cough
• difficulty breathing
• pneumonia and kidney failure
Most cases have reported mild symptoms. However, there is a risk of death in
severe cases
Source: Alberta Health Services