Influenza (Flu)

What is Influenza (Flu) and how does it Spread?

Influenza, or the flu, is a viral infection that spreads from person-to-person. Influenza spreads when an infected person coughs, sneezes or even talks. Droplets can land up to six feet away and be inhaled by others.

What is Influenza (flu) Vaccine and why should Travellers get the vaccine?

The flu shot, or influenza vaccination, should be taken against the flu. Quadrivalent Flu Vaccination is the standard flu vaccination that most individuals receive annually. People should get vaccinated at least 2 weeks before travel because it takes 2 weeks for vaccine immunity to develop after vaccination.

Who Should get Influenza (flu) Vaccine?

The risk of exposure to influenza during travel depends somewhat on the time of year and destination. The travellers should get vaccinated depending on the destination and the season you are traveling. Everyone 6 months and older should get a flu vaccine yearly, preferably in the fall before the U.S. flu season begins. 

Influenza (flu) Symptoms

  1. Fever, cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, muscle or body aches, headache, and fatigue.
  2. Vomiting and diarrhea are more common in children than in adults.
  3. It is important to note that not everyone with flu will have a fever.

What can Travellers do to Prevent the Disease?

  1. Clothing, bedding, utensils, and dishes used by an infected person should not be shared.
  2. Regularly clean common or frequently touched surfaces.
  3. Pay proper attention to announcements from the local government in your travel destination
  4. Wash your hands for at least 20 seconds with soap and water.
  5. Prevent sharing of clothes, bedding, and dishes
  6. Avoid close contact with sick people
  7. When you cough uses tissue or sneeze into the upper sleeve, not to the hands.
  8. Cover your mouth and nose with tissues.
  9. If there is any used tissues, put the used tissues properly in to a dustbin and dispose