What is Measles, Mumps and Rubella (MMR) and How does it Spread?
This is called German measles or Rubella, which is a disease spread through the air by breathing, coughing and sneezing. Should avoid sharing items, like cups or drink cans. The virus can also live on items and surfaces for several hours touched by an infected person.
Why Should Travellers get the Vaccine ?
MMR vaccine is safe for use with very few, mild side effects. Travelers going outside the United States are at risk for Rubella. Travellers may be unaware that they have been in contact with an infected person since symptoms are not visible and common.
Who should get Measles, Mumps and Rubella (MMR) Vaccine?
There are some groups with an increased risk of infection. These include students at post-high school centers, all adults without evidence of immunity; international travelers; especially if going to a region with active infection, healthcare professionals or people who live/work with the immunocompromised.
Measles, Mumps and Rubella (MMR) Symptoms
Rubella has generally mild symptoms: headache, pink eye, cough and fever are common. Mumps is a virus known for its symptoms of puffy cheeks and a swollen jaw. Rubella has generally mild symptoms. Headache, pink eye, cough and fever are common. As symptoms, you can get a rash and fever for 2 to 3 days. Some people do not feel sick. If a pregnant woman gets Rubella virus, her baby could have birth defects such as deafness, cataracts, heart defects, mental disabilities, and even organ damage.
What can travellers do to Prevent the Disease?
- Make sure you are fully vaccinated or otherwise protected against measles.
- Infants 6-11 months of age should have 1 dose of measles vaccine if travelling internationally.
- Children 12 months of age or older should have 2 doses, separated by at least 28 days.
- Adolescents and adults who have not had Rubella or have not been vaccinated with MMR should get 2 doses, separated by at least 28 days.
- Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR) has been used safely and effectively since the 1970s. But a few people experience mild, temporary, adverse reactions from the vaccine, such as joint pain; but serious side effects are extremely rare. There is no link between MMR and autism.
- Practice hygiene and cleanliness. Wash your hands often if soap and water are not available, and clean your hands with hand sanitiser (containing at least 60% alcohol).
- Prevent touching your eyes, nose, or mouth. If you need to connect your face, ensure your hands are clean.
- Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or your sleeve (not your hands) when coughing or sneezing.
- Try to avoid close contact, such as kissing, hugging, or sharing eating utensils or cups with people who are sick.